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At Whitchurch Primary School we ensure that work in 'speaking and listening', 'reading' and 'writing' is incorporated across the curriculum.
To teach story telling we follow the story making project which enables pupils to learn several stories orally. From this children internalise:
· ‘big’ patterns that are revisited, such as ‘quest’ or ‘journey’ stories – in this way basic plots can act as blueprints for the imagination.
· the building blocks of narrative – common characters, settings, events, the rise and fall of narrative patterning
· the flow of sentences, the syntactical patterns
· the vocabulary – especially, connectives that link and structure narrative such as: once upon a time, one day, so, next, but, finally
Most importantly, they develop an imaginative world of images that can be drawn upon and daydreamed about to invent new stories.
The story-making process:
IMITATION – familiarisation, retelling a story until it can be told fluently, multi-sensory approach, made memorable
INNOVATION – adapting a well-known tale, substitution, addition, alteration, change of viewpoint and reusing the basic story pattern
INVENTION – creating your own new story, building up a story – drawing, drama, images, video, first-hand experience, location, quality reading, etc.
We also do Big Writing in KS2. This enables children to focus on four main areas of writing: vocabulary, connectives, openers and punctuation. These lessons are split into two sessions. The first is fun and interactive focusing on VCOP games the second allows pupils to do extended writing.
In English, during Key Stage 1 pupils learn to speak confidently and listen to what others have to say. They begin to read and write independently and with enthusiasm. They use language to explore their own experiences and imaginary worlds.
Speaking and listening: during Key Stage 1 pupils learn to speak clearly, thinking about the needs of their listeners. They work in small groups and as a class, joining in discussions and making relevant points. They also learn how to listen carefully to what other people are saying, so that they can remember the main points. They learn to use language in imaginative ways and express their ideas and feelings when working in role and in drama activities.
Writing: during Key Stage 1 pupils start to enjoy writing and see the value of it. They learn to communicate meaning in narrative and non-fiction texts and spell and punctuate correctly. For spelling we use the Jolly phonics scheme and then progress onto Read Write Inc. Phonics is taught daily in EYFS and KS1.
Speaking and listening: during Key Stage 2 pupils learn how to speak in a range of contexts, adapting what they say and how they say it to the purpose and the audience. Taking varied roles in groups gives them opportunities to contribute to situations with different demands. They also learn to respond appropriately to others, thinking about what has been said and the language used.
Writing: during Key Stage 2 pupils develop understanding that writing is both essential to thinking and learning, and enjoyable in its own right. They learn the main rules and conventions of written English and start to explore how the English language can be used to express meaning in different ways. They use the planning, drafting and editing process to improve their work and to sustain their fiction and non-fiction writing. Spelling is taught using Sound Discovery and each year group has key spelling patterns and rules they have to learn.
The programme of study for English and the National Literacy Strategy Framework for teaching are closely related. The framework provides a detailed basis for implementing the statutory requirements of the programmes of study for reading and writing.
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